Components of human sexuality


Components of human sexuality

There are so many forms of human sexuality. Human sexuality includes a wide range of behavior and processes of physiological, psychological, social, cultural, political, spiritual or religious aspects of sex and human sexual behavior. Sexuality, like other aspects of human behavior is both biological and social in nature: some characteristics of a genetic component to sexuality, others are formed in the socialization process. In this regard, there are several components of human sexuality:

biological sex is a set of attributes such as sex chromosomes, sex hormones, sex cells, external and internal genitalia, secondary sexual characteristics
gender identity — the feeling of belonging to a particular gender does not necessarily coincide with biological sex
social gender role is the behavior in society, the appropriate cultural norms of the society, prescribing one or another “typically male” or “typically female” behavior
sexual orientation — emotional, romantic, and sensual attraction to people of the opposite sex (heterosexual orientation), their gender (homosexual orientation) or both sexes (bisexual orientation)
sexual identity is self — identification with people having different sexual orientation, the awareness of oneself as a person of a specific orientation[4]

Philosophy, particularly ethics and moral science and theology are relevant to the subject. Almost in every historical epoch and in every culture, the arts, including literary and visual arts, and popular culture represent a significant contribution to public points of view on sexuality. In most societies there are laws that enforce certain restrictions on sexual behavior. Sexuality varies from culture to culture, from region to region, and varies continuously throughout the history of man.

There is a wide variety of literature, educational websites, local organizations of education and social support for various forms of human sexuality[5][6].
The value of sexuality

Sexuality is a driving force of human social activity, since it aims at achieving not only sexual satisfaction but also a socio-psychological condition, referred to as “happiness”, improving the quality of life. Experiences related to gender, determine the choice behaviour even in situations known to be associated with sexual intercourse in the narrow sense.

Sexuality is one of the important driving factors in human knowledge of the surrounding reality. Sigmund Freud wrote that “the desire for knowledge in children is strikingly early and unexpectedly intense way stops at sexual problems, even wakes up with them”[7].

Sexuality is a factor that encourages people to live together and work, is the driving force of rapprochement and unification of people, one of the main components of family life. Sexuality is an inherent desire to show its internal libido to transform the external manifestations of conduct in the material environment.